The unique observation of author Dr Rachna Agarwal revealed that SARS-CoV-2 has direct neurological manifestations such as anosmia and gustatory impairment, encephalopathy, and seizures as well as an indirect effect on the psychiatric health such as anxiety, amnesia, etc. because of psychosocial stress.
The paper suggest that the most commonly reported neurological symptoms should not be ignored and must be tested for COVID-19. More neurological studies like medical imaging and neuropathology should be performed on these COVID-19 patients.
The study find out that COVID-19 patients do have concurrent neurological manifestations that are subjected to further study. The authors collected 97 reviews through a planned search strategy and finally included 5 studies that could fit in inclusion criteria.
Together these studies reported many neurological features either in the cohort analysis or case studies. Headache and dizziness were the most common symptoms in COVID-19-positive patients, followed by anosmia and ageusia. The other reported clinical features were confusion, hyposmia, encephalopathy, corticospinal tract signs, acute cerebrovascular problems, acute ischemic stroke, olfactory disorders, gustatory dysfunction, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, hypoxia, Guillain–Barré syndrome (also known as acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy), coma, seizures, ataxia, and psychosis.
About the Journal
Annals of Neurosciences is a multidisciplinary, peer-reviewed, open access journal that provides an international platform for discussing recent advances in the neurosciences. As the official journal of the ‘Indian Academy of Neuro-sciences’, Annals of Neurosciences publishes wide-ranging original research results, reviews and opinions aimed at increasing our understanding of the neurosciences and encouraging the development of better diagnostic tools and effective treatments for neurological disorders.
Journal Reference: Singh, Kamal Pratap, and Rachna Agarwal. “Neurological Manifestations in COVID-19 Population: A Short Review.” Annals of Neurosciences, May 2021, doi:10.1177/0972753121990247.