In 2005, eminent Indian scientist and late President A P J Abdul Kalam noted that India has the “potential to tap research opportunities in proteomics and biochips to help understand the biological processes and treat diseases. This is possible even though the country has missed the opportunity to partner in the human genome project India has no dearth of protein Scientists and some like Har Gobind Khorana and G N Ramachandran have received global recognition for their outstanding discovery of Ribosome structure which has revolutionized the way drug makers think.
The proteomics in India was mainly started with cancer biomarkers discovery. This was followed by application of proteomics in Agri sciences. India took the initiative in 2001–2002 when the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) initiated and supported a multi-institutional project on “New targets and biomarkers for cancer using Genomics and Proteomics” involving the CCMB, Hyderabad, Tata Memorial Centre-ACTREC, Navi Mumbai, IISc, Bengaluru, and Sri Sathya Sai Instiute of Higher Medical Sciences, Bengaluru.
Proteomics in India was started with convention 2D gel electrophoresis, however tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry based protein profiling in various cancers was first done by Dr Sanjay Navani.